Types of birth injuries
Birth injuries can occur during labor and delivery, ranging from minor injuries to lifelong disabilities. Some common types of birth injuries include:
A condition that occurs when the brachial plexus (the network of nerves in the shoulder) is damaged during birth. Symptoms may include weakness or paralysis in the arm, hand, or fingers.
A neurological disorder that affects movement and posture. It is caused by damage to the brain before, during, or shortly after birth.
Brachial plexus injuries
Injuries to the brachial plexus can occur during birth, leading to muscle weakness or paralysis in the affected area.
Facial nerve injuries
Damage to the facial nerve during birth can cause problems with facial expression, speech, and other functions.
Oxygen deprivation, trauma, or infection during birth can cause brain damage, leading to developmental delays, intellectual disabilities, or other problems.
Hypoxia (lack of oxygen to the brain)
A lack of oxygen during birth can cause many problems, including brain damage, cerebral palsy, and developmental delays.
A condition in which the baby's shoulder becomes stuck during delivery. This injury can cause nerve damage, fractures, and other injuries.
Fractures can occur during difficult deliveries, particularly if forceps or vacuum extractors are used. Common fractures include collarbone fractures and fractures to the arm or leg bones.